Valium (Diazepam)

Description

Often the destruction of the psyche is a source of frustration arising from any long flowing chronic diseases. In such cases, lungs sedatives (Motherwort, Valerian) do not help, so you have to resort to potent drugs – tranquilizers. One of the most common medicines in this field is Valium. The instruction for use refers this drug to the benzodiazepine group of psychotropic agents with pronounced soothing properties.

Indications for use

This drug is used in neurological and psychiatric practice for the treatment of neurosis of different origin, relieving spasms, epileptic seizures, increased anxiety, hysterical and hypochondriacal reactions, excessive psychomotor stimulation. The drug is effective for vertebral syndrome, muscle spasms, insomnia, alcohol withdrawal. This tranquilizer eliminates irritable condition during menopause and menstrual disorders, is used in complex therapy of hypertensive disease, Meniere’s syndrome, progressive polyarthritis. In surgical practice this drug is used to help Valium for a preliminary preparation of the patient for surgery (sedation).

Method of application

Tablet form of the drug is most often used as a maintenance therapy. The main therapeutic effect for neurosis is achieved by injection. The dosage and duration of the course of treatment are determined by a physician on the basis of the diagnosis, the severity of the clinical picture, the patient’s age. Usually patients are prescribed 5 – 10 milligrams of the medication twice a day, but sometimes (for severe symptoms), the drug has to enter every 4 hours.

Drug contraindications

Direct contraindications of Valium are comatose and a state of shock of the patient, acute poisoning, respiratory failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, glaucoma, hypersensitive active ingredient of the drug. Women should stop taking the drug during pregnancy and breastfeeding should be stopped. The drug is contraindicated to young children under 5 years of age. The drug should be prescribed with caution in case of uncontrollable spontaneous convulsions (hyperkinesis) and disorders of movement coordination (cerebral ataxia) of congenital origin, violation of the functions of the kidneys and liver, night apnea, and to elderly.

Side effects

Doctors say that you should control your feeling in the process of treatment with Valium. The instruction for use indicates the evidence of a fall in blood pressure, the appearance of redness and swelling at the injection site of the medication, the occurrence of dizziness, photophobia, and dyspepsia. It may slow down motor reactions, cause disturbed concentration, develop chronic fatigue syndrome (asthenia).

Valium showed high efficiency in the treatment of disorders of neurotic character, but you should take into account the seriousness of its use. This drug is not a means of self-medication. Uncontrolled use of it causes drug dependence, therefore, it should be appointed only by your doctor.

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