In most cases any pain syndrome is hardly born by a man. Doctors use medications of various pharmaceutical groups to alleviate the patient’s condition. Analgesics usually help in case of pain of low intensity. They are introduced into the body in different ways: orally (through the mouth), intramuscularly, intravenously, subcutaneously, or rectally. But often a person experiences chronic or acute pain of high intensity, which requires a potent pain medicine up to the drugs. In such cases, doctors relieve severe pain syndrome using Tramadol. The instruction for use characterizes this medication as an opioid synthetic analgesic of central action.
Effects on the body
Unlike conventional analgesics, which often impact directly on the inflammation and spreading of the pain syndrome, Tramadol eliminates the pain at the level of the central nervous system. Its mechanism of action is very complex and involves activation of opiate receptors and inhibition of pain impulses transmission.
As a rule, the majority of drugs from the group of opioids have the ability to cause mental and physical dependence. Therefore, they are under special control and belong to the category of drugs. In our country, Tramadol is not ingested in this list, though in some countries this drug is included in the register of drugs. In Russia, this drug is related to the group of potent painkillers.
The pharmaceutical industry produces Tramadol capsules or solution intended for oral administration and in ampules for injections. The drug is very rapidly absorbed and enters the systemic circulation, where it gets in the brain and spinal cord. Subsequently, the drug is decomposed in the liver and excreted naturally in the urine. Important warning for women during pregnancy and breast-feeding: this medicine has the ability to penetrate through the placenta to the fetus and through breast milk into the body of a newborn baby.
Indications for use
Doctors prescribe Tramadol to relieve moderate and severe pain syndrome of different etiology that occurs in cancer, severe injuries, and after surgical operations. In addition, it is an aesthetic used during medical or diagnostic procedures, which are accompanied by pain.
The dosage regimen
In case of pain of medium intensity you should take one capsule of Tramadol(50 mg) once a day. The injection is made in case of severe pain. The drug is administered very slowly, 50 – 100 milligrams, but not more than 400 milligrams per day. After receiving pain relief the injection shouldn’t be made anymore.
As any opioid analgesic, Tramadol has an extensive list of contraindications and side effects. Contraindications to the use of this analgesic are severe liver or renal insufficiency, hypersensitivity to drug, pregnancy, lactation. You cannot be treated by using this medication in case of depressed central nervous system caused by drug or alcohol poisoning. The medicine is contraindicated to children under 14 years of age. It is strictly forbidden to use the drug simultaneously with alcohol.
During the process of treatment with Tramadol you must be under vigilant medical supervision because you may experience such side effects as dizziness, drowsiness, weakness, headache, tremor of the extremities, irritability, a state of causeless euphoria, hallucinations, insomnia, memory impairment. In addition to the negative effects that can cause Tramadol, the instruction for use also highlights cause nausea, severe thirst, bloating, low blood pressure, rapid heartbeat, uncontrolled urination. You may also cause allergic reactions such as skin rashes.
Thus, Tramadol is a strong painkiller from the category of opioids. In pharmacies, the drug is released strictly on prescription. Moreover, its recording and storage are done according to the rules of storage of narcotic drugs, so do not perform self-medication.