Klonopin (Clonazepam)

Description

Klonopin is a popular drug that is used to treat a variety of pathological conditions. A feature of these pills is that they can treat children from the very first day after birth.

Description

Klonopin is available in the form of pills. Thus one tablet 0.5 or 2 mg of active substance Clonazepam  may contain, and one pack contains 30 pieces.

The medication is rapidly absorbed in the stomach. The maximum amount of active substance in the blood is in 1 – 2 hours after taking the pill. The half-life, depending on the dose and the age is from 18 to 50 hours. Klonopin is excreted by the kidneys.

After purchase, the tool should be stored in original packaging in a place where no sunlight penetrates. The shelf life of the pills is 3 years.

Indications for use

The instructions clearly notes indications for treatment. And the underlying disease is epilepsy in children and adults. In this case, Klonopin can be used to treat epilepsy of different types – akinetic (small seizures), myoclonic (hereditary), generalized submaximal, temporal and focal seizures.

In addition to the various forms of epilepsy, pills are appointed in the presence of human fears and phobias. However, it is worth remembering that in this case, such treatment is only suitable for patients over the age of 18 years.

Another indication for treatment with Klonopin is a manic phase of cyclothymia. In this case a man is completely unaware that he is seriously ill. He has a triad of symptoms that indicate it is a serious disease — acceleration of the thought process, psychomotor agitation and constant euphoria.

Often this medication is used as a sedative drug in case of certain diseases of the brain. After all, the drug acts long and fast. This is its main value.

Drug contraindications

Like any other medication, Klonopin also has its contraindications. And this should be considered before beginning treatment. Contraindications include:

  • Hypersensitivity to the individual components.
  • Loss of consciousness.
  • Respiratory failure.
  • Stop of breathing.
  • Glaucoma.
  • Myasthenia gravis.
  • Diseases of the liver.

During pregnancy this remedy can be taken only under strict indications, however, if possible, the treatment should be abandoned to the period until the child is born. It is not necessary to use pills when breastfeeding — otherwise, breastfeeding would have to be replaced with artificial.

Method of application

The instruction to the Klonopin has clear directions on how to take pills. But, as a rule, the dose is assigned individually after establishing a proper diagnosis and taking the required tests.

In case of epilepsy, the initial dose is 1.5 mg per day. In this case, the amount of medication should be divided into 3 doses. This is followed by an increase of Klonopin to 1 mg every 3 days as long as the dose is equal from 4 to 8 mg per day. The number must be divided into 4 doses. The maximum daily dose in the treatment of epilepsy is 20 mg per day.

Children use a different dosage that is calculated from body mass. Thus, the dose for children should be calculated according to the formula of 0.2 mg of the drug per 1 kg of body weight. A child from one year to five years of age can take to 3 mg a day. Children from 5 to 12 years of age take from 3 to 6 mg per day.

Side effects

According to the reviews of people who were treated with Klonopin, the drug caused various side effects. The most common side effects were:

  • A rash on the skin.
  • Drowsiness.
  • Lethargy.
  • Headache.
  • The nystagmus.
  • Amnesia.
  • Heartburn.
  • Nausea.
  • Constipation.
  • The liver dysfunction.

Long-term use and failure to comply with doses can eventually cause drug dependency and addiction. That is why Klonopin is not available for sale and you may buy these pills only with prescription. The analogues of Klonopin, Cantril and Rivotril, are also sold with prescription.

It is not necessary to use the medication for the treatment of depression, especially in its severe forms. In some cases the fact is that Klonopin may cause suicide attempts. During the treatment it is not necessary to apply any alcoholic beverages, as it greatly affects the mental state of the person. And even when taking these pills it is impossible to drive a car and operate machinery.

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