Xanax (Alprazolam)



Every person experiences feelings of anxiety and concern, becomes emotionally unstable and overly irritable in difficult situations. This is a natural reaction to adverse circumstances. But if inexplicable fear and depersonalization (the development of inadequate perception) appear unreasonably, it indicates the development of episodic severe diseases such as panic disorder (paroxysmal anxiety). This pathology is accompanied by flashes of uncontrollable panic, a feeling of constant danger in a time of loneliness or among a large crowd of people, fear of imminent death and other unforeseen phobias. Despite the fact that such panic attacks and loss of self-control usually last only a few minutes, this disease must be treated, since over time the frequency of attacks may be increased. Doctors often prescribe Xanax in order to alleviate the condition of people suffering from discrete periods of pathological anxiety disorders. The instructions for use refers this drug to benzodiazepine tranquilizers, with anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic and sedative (calming) properties.

Pharmacological action

This drug has depressing effect on the nervous system of the sick person, eliminating unexplained phobias, pathological anxiety, irritability, emotional tension, panic night waking. Anxiolytic effect of this drug enhances the actions of gamma-aminobutyric acid, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter of the central nervous system, can slow down or completely stop synaptic impulses in certain brain subcortical structures. In addition, Xanax depresses the brain stem cells, the so-called reticular formation, thereby providing a hypnotic effect. A man quickly falls asleep; the duration of sleep is significantly increased. Thus, the preparation prevents panic attacks, relaxes and calms the patient, and alleviates insomnia.

Indications for use

This tranquilizer has shown high efficiency in the treatment of sudden panic attacks, various fears unpredictable, agoraphobia (fear of open doors or open space), reactive neurosis, anxiety-depressive states. This medicine relieves and prevents vegetative symptoms accompanying attacks of paroxysmal anxiety: chest pain, shortness of breath, numbness (paresthesia) and trembling of the limbs, sudden changes in blood pressure, palpitations, excessive sweating, loss of appetite, loss of sleep.

The conditions of admission

The drug is available in the form of  tablets and is suitable for oral administration. The dosage is prescribed by a doctor individually in each case based on the severity of experienced symptoms. According to the instructions, the treatment should begin with minimal doses: 0.5 mg three times a day. If the treatment does not bring the desired effect, the dose of Xanax is gradually increased, but the daily amount of ingested medication should not exceed 4.5 milligrams.

Drug Contraindications

The drug has a number of significant contraindications, which you should review before taking it. This tranquilizer is forbidden to prescribe in case of glaucoma, respiratory failure, autoimmune neuromuscular disease myasthenia gravis, severe depressive states with suicidal tendencies, panic disorders in the background of alcoholic and narcotic intoxication. The periods of pregnancy and lactation are under the ban. The drug is not used in case of individual hypersensitivity to its current component, as well as for the treatment of children and adolescents under 18 years of age.

Side effects

Benzodiazepine drugs are characterized by a fairly extensive list of side effects, which didn’t bypass Xanax. The instruction indicates the following possible negative manifestations on the part of the body: dizziness, daytime sleepiness, slowing of psychomotor reactions, depression of mood, unsteady gait, hallucinations, muscle spasms, urinary incontinence. You may also experience dyspepsia (nausea, the violation of stool), falling of blood pressure, development of thrombocytopenia and leukopenia, allergic itchy skin rashes.

Like Xanax, it is also a potent tranquilizer, but treatment of panic disorder will go much faster with the connection of the sessions of psychoanalysis, behavioral and family therapy.


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